Moiré is an unwanted pattern that appears in screen shots. On Windows, moiré can occur with images of scroll bars. The following example is a scanned image from a printed page:
Moiré is an interference pattern that is caused when two regular patterns overlap. In our case, one of the patterns is the reproduction of the dots on the printed page, and the other pattern is contained in the scroll bar. When you view a scroll bar on the screen, or when you print an image of a scroll bar, the pattern is not easy to see. However, if you make the image larger, the pattern becomes clear. The following image is five times the actual size of a scroll bar, and you can clearly see white pixels and grey pixels:
To solve the problem of moiré, replace the pattern of dots with a solid colour:
How do you decide the colour values for the solid block of colour? A quick fix is to choose a shade of grey that looks correct. Alternatively, calculate the values. One method that gives good results is to use the average values of the colour data (possibly, from a theoretical perspective, this is not the correct method). Possibly, your graphics software can automatically use the average of the two values. If it cannot do this, calculate the colour.
The RGB values for white are 255, 255, 255. Our grey pixels have the following RGB values: 212, 208, 200. For each colour channel, we want the average between the grey and the white, as shown in the last column of the table below. In the table, Vg shows the value for the grey pixels.
|Colour channel||Vg||255-Vg||½ (255-Vg)||Vg+(½ (255-Vg)) = average colour|
To create the solid block of grey in the final screen shot above, we used the values from the last column in the table.